Oldest Languages in the World [Most Probably]
Every existing culture has its own history and languages. There are several oldest languages. Surprisingly, there are some rituals practiced and oldest languages spoken around the world even exist though in 21st century. This write up is discussing about some of the ancient languages which is considered to be the oldest existing way of communication.Researchers are continuously working on to determine the oldest language in the world. We have made a list of dialects that researchers considered as world’s oldest languages.
Before we move on, we should know that how different languages come into existence. It is believed that in ancient ages people start making groups for hunting and for other purposes. To make their gathering successful they need a way of communication which was different sounds and signs at the initial period. With the passage of time these sounds and signs molded into vocal words. Passing Time and increasing requirements keep polishing words and thus languages come into existence.
List of Oldest Spoken and Written Languages in the World
1) Tamil – Oldest Language
It is considered to be the 5000 years old language spoken by 52 million people in Indian, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and even in other corners of the world. Tamil is an oldest script written and spoken by Dravidians in the ancient time. Irula, Kaikadi, BettaKurumba, Yerukala, Eravallan, Kanikkaran, Muthuvan, and Sholaga are some of the local languages speaking in South India which are written in Tamil script. It is a proof of the existence of this oldest language.
2) Sanskrit – Earliest Language (May be)
Sanskrit is believed to be the language of Hindu Gods which had been spoken in full fledged dating back to 3000 BC.It is an earliest language originated from Tamil script.Heavy influence of this oldest written language seems to be on European languages. Even today, people are using some words in their daily communication which were coined from Sanskrit. It is a belief in India that tons of ancient books written in Sanskrit which were buried in the darkness of time. Still some ancient monuments and manuscripts found written in Sanskrit were preserved by Indian government.Lots of information is available about this oldest spoken language.
This national language of modern Egypt is considered to be 2000-2500 years old. It was spoken in the form of Coptic and currently it is used liturgical language in Coptic Church. Egyptian literature have been found in historical tombs and pyramids which provides enough evidence to determine that it is one of the ancient languages.
It is an earliest language having vast and rich history. From found evidences it has been determined that this branch of Indo European language has longest history spanning 34 centuries. Greek is also known as Hellenic spoken by around 13 million people in Greece, Albania and Cyprus. Most inspirational and motivational European ancient texts have been written in Greek by legendary writers and poets such as Plato and Aristotle. It shows the splendor and importance of this oldest language in the world.
Chinese language is considered to be one of the oldest languages in the world. The first found Chinese written record was considered to be 3000 years old. It keeps evolving with the passage of time and start speaking by 1.2 billion people in the world. Today, different dialects have formed from the native Chinese language such as, Mandarin (Official language of China and Taiwan), Jin, Wu, Huizhou, Gan, Xiang and many more.
Aramaic is considered to be an oldest language in the world because found written documents (dated back to 10th century) describe that it belongs to Semitic family and used by ancient royalty and by divine worshippers. Researchers have confirmed that majority of words have been borrowed from this oldest language. Now, this oldest spoken language has different dialects and speaking by people of Iraq, Iran, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, and other western countries where migrated natives are living.
It is considered to be the oldest written language date backs to 1000 BC. This ancient language belongs to Semitic family and now become the official language of the Israel. It is known for its Jewish scared texts written by prodigious writers. These sacred texts written in Hebrew are considered to be the divine source that keeps the Jewish community together from their inception. Thus, Hebrew is considered to be the “Holy Language”.
Korean is an official language of South and North Korea. This is considered to be the oldest language in the world that dates back to the 600 BC. Today, around 80 million people are speaking Korean worldwide. This is a native of Korean Peninsula which keeps evolving from old to middle and now in modern shape. Surprisingly, Korean language is spoken in one dialect only called “Jeju”. However, people used different writing style for Korean language such as system Hangul (primary) and Hanja (mixed script).
This is officially announced national language of Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. It has longest fictional history and 5th century Bible translation written in Armenian is an evidence to determine Armenian as an oldest language in the world. It belongs to Indo-European family and speaking by around 6 million people in Cyprus, Hungary, Iraq, Poland,etc.
Latin is considered to be the oldest language having rich history. It is believed to be the language of great warriors who fought remarkable wars for mankind and become immortal in the pages of golden Latin history. It got more importance when become an official language of Roman Empire. Almost all languages of Romance are believed to be the derived forms of Latin. You can see the influence of this one of the oldest languages in modern English as well. Latin has now become a subject of study in higher educational institutions.